TPM Full Form? Learn Total Productive Management By Experts

Gulshan Thakur
9 min readFeb 11, 2021


What is TPM? TPM full form

let first know about the TPM full form of TPM is total productive management. maintenance has historically been used outside of the production process as a distinct organization. A progressive change in thought emerged as corporations started to recognise the role of maintenance in the manufacturing chain. To increase efficiency and asset availability, TPM emerged from the need to combine maintenance with manufacturing. The TPM process is the culmination of the transition from a reactive/corrective maintenance environment to one focused on preventive maintenance by predictive maintenance.

By minimizing or removing processing time lost to equipment faults, TPM is used to push waste out of the production process. Any TPM program’s purpose is to ensure that machines and facilities are still sufficient for the end-user to deliver goods. The maximum value is added at the lowest cost by minimizing reworking, slow operating equipment and downtime.

Effective TPM is a collective initiative to preserve and upgrade the facilities, where the whole team operates together. Forming teams that are motivated to strengthen the process is one of the first steps in introducing TPM. Flattening the corporate structure encourages teams where they have the most effect, when they emerge, to fix challenges. Operators are qualified to conduct routine repair goods and assume an ownership role as workers join TPM teams. Employees encouraged to control the process would usually be able to find and build process changes that managers would generally have ignored. A mechanism for introducing changes is given by an on-going refactoring of the procedure.

The true importance of TPM is starting to surface as maintenance problems are resolved and complete efficient maintenance systems are introduced. TPM Full Form

Much like lean production focuses on Kaizen or continual progress, kaizen allows for constant re-evaluation of the maintenance period in maintenance programs. Analysis of the root cause reveals the fundamental problems to be resolved. Issues will be eliminated by solving problems at the root stage.

It is important for assessing progress, as with any lean program. OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) is a metric originally created by associating the Six Major Losses with three measurables: Supply, Efficiency and Consistency to assess the success of total active repair programs. TPM Full Form

8 Pillars of Total Productive Maintenance

5S — Sort, straighten, shine, standardize, and sustain

Just as a concrete structure begins with a grounded basis, in the form of the concepts of 5S, constructing a strong TPM mechanism requires a strong base. This is a strategy for organising the workplace that is condensed into 5 simple steps: TPM Full Form

To classify which of these should be discarded, sort instruments, tools, and materials. TPM Full Form

Straighten and put everything in the correct order to minimize needless movement and transport between working parties and places effectively.

Shine relates to doing the housekeeping required to tidy up the work area TPM Full Form

Sustaining the long-term implementation process and ideals TPM Full Form

A structured approach to cleaning the workplace is provided by the 5S approach, thereby uncovering fundamental issues and obstacles. learn in Hindi 8 Pillars Of Total Productive Maintenance TPM Full Form

Autonomous maintenance

8 Pillars Of Total Productive Maintenance

  • Maintenance activities and equipment care should begin with the persons who use the equipment. The empowerment of operators to work quickly on minor maintenance projects helps the maintenance teams to concentrate on more specialized tasks. TPM Full Form

Continuous Improvements

  • Continuous Development, also known as the Japanese word Kaizen, encourages the mentality of moving toward zero loses and zero faults. The organization’s overall productivity and performance are built by minor but consistent tweaks to processes. TPM Full Form

Planned maintenance

  • In order to avoid the malfunction of facilities, scheduled maintenance operations are necessary. In order to proactively avoid corrosion and mechanical problems, scheduled servicing is carried out by annually reviewing the state of machinery. TPM Full Form

Quality maintenance

  • Manufacturing practices aim for zero-defect production in order to guarantee the customer’s satisfaction. Superior quality requirements, including audits as to whether the standards are being followed, should be in effect. The aim of quality maintenance is to classify all potential sources of zero-defect manufacturing anomalies. TPM Full Form


  • TPM’s premise is that everyone is doing their best to add to the overall manufacturing chain efficiency. Proper preparation is necessary to equip each person with the technical and practical know-how of dealing with machinery and equipment in order to achieve optimal efficiency and to develop the skill of each participant. TPM Full Form

Office TPM

  • The administrative department that functions behind the scenes is a crucial role that is frequently ignored. The managerial and administrative roles are also subject to productivity enhancement, much as the rest of the manufacturing departments and processes. Tins include the detection and removal of losses and add to the overall plant efficiency. TPM Full Form

Safety, health, and environment

  • The last of the eight foundations reflect on the existence of a healthy place to work. When deliberately added to one of the other pillars, the essence of this pillar is realised. This pillar’s efficient execution would lead to a safe and hazard-free workplace. TPM Full Form

Benefits of TPM

Less unplanned time for repairs

Full efficient maintenance for the health of machines TPM Full Form

The TPM strategy is highly focused on the mobilization of workers and encourages employees to take control of their machines, which in turn increases the uptime of production.

TPM allocates to all plant staff the tasks usually completed by maintenance personnel. That way, everyone is responsible for the repair of machinery and appliances. Usually, a TPM scheme would see operators conduct basic production maintenance tasks and cleaning regimes and promote a positive approach towards spotting problems. This frees up maintenance workers to perform further duties that add value. TPM Full Form

Within eight months of the launch of the TPM scheme, the aerospace industry provider Bharat Bearings was able to achieve nearly a 96 percent reduction in unplanned maintenance hours. Cleaning, testing, lubrication, and corrective work on a piece of equipment, during which the whole unit has been painted, will be a significant TPM occurrence. Achievement of this significant milestone has been possible due to TPM only.

Resistance from workers was an early problem for the company, but the positive effects quickly changed the minds of people. “In fact, suddenly the same individuals who were hesitating, in the beginning, were asking when their machine would be scheduled for a TPM event,” said Greg Folts, MRC Bearings Continuous Improvement Manager. TPM Full Form

Improved morale of workforce

You need staff at all positions or divisions of the organization to completely buy-in the philosophy to fully incorporate lean manufacturing. If it offers good benefits, so you will not face opposition from workers to the latest reforms. Employees are empowered with the responsibility to take care of their equipment through efficient maintenance.

Consequently, in their jobs, they can appear to take pride and possession. Reduced incidents of equipment malfunction and minimal stressful downtimes result from the preventive measures. It also helps employees to buy-in to the ideology

Satisfaction at workplace

The implementation of effective maintenance includes a healthy environment, employee productivity, and successful production. However, most would argue that customer service and loyalty are what matters most. One of the pillars, Quality Maintenance, makes it possible to incorporate changes in quality into the manufacturing process. As a result, redesigns and errors are typically minimized and performance and efficiency are improved. This would lead to a major rise in pleased clients and repeat sales, combined with stable computers and fewer downtime.

Environments of Healthy Employment

The 5S foundation is focused on TPM models: Sorting, Putting in order, Sparkling, Standardizing and Maintaining. All the S’s point to the fact that it will improve safety in the work atmosphere by keeping all equipment and machinery clean, organized, and secure. TPM’s emphasis on constructive and preventive maintenance improves the lifetime of equipment while also reducing disorderliness in the workplace. It also encourages designs that optimize performance, competitiveness, and flow. All of these form the base of protection at all stages for staff.

Proven effect on productivity

‘Perfect production’ is the key focus of the TPM strategy. Any producer contemplating TPM strives to achieve zero errors, breakdowns, or injuries. Therefore, you can have to weigh consistency over quantity when prioritizing performance over productivity as well. This can be calculated using the Total Machinery Effectiveness gold-star quality ranking for production efficiency (OEE). For both process and discrete output environments, the rating applies. It encourages enhancement with the help of data by easily detecting any failure areas, comparing improvement, and enhancing equipment efficiency.

As the people responsible for this are even more involved and associated with the repair and restoration of facilities, TPM guarantees easier accessibility of reliable spares, supplies and other resources.

Volumes speak of solid metrics. You will benchmark the facility against industry expectations with OEE and check that the TPM optimization software you are using is operating.

Reduced downtime on machinery

More routine upkeep means fewer errors. Downtime incidents are reduced by incorporating constructive maintenance activities.

Lower cost of manufacture

Output losses are therefore reduced as total equipment productivity (OEE) rises. Better efficiency results in higher income and less investment on halting and restoring machinery.

How to bring complete effective maintenance into effect (TPM)

Let’s take a look at how to execute a TPM program now that you have an idea of the framework (5-S scheme) and foundations on which the TPM process is based. This is normally achieved in five steps: a pilot area is established, equipment is returned to its prime operational state, OEE is assessed, significant losses are resolved and minimized, and scheduled maintenance is enforced.

Step 1: Consider a Pilot Field

When they see the advantages that come with the process, using a pilot area to initiate implementation helps to achieve more acceptance from workers. Consider these three questions when selecting facilities for a pilot area:

What’s the best thing to improve?

Where’s the bottleneck here?

What’s the greatest problem?

Step 2: Restore to Prime Working Condition Equipment

The theory of returning machines to prime working condition revolves around the 5-S system and independent servicing. Next, using the 5-S method, TPM participants can learn to keep equipment constantly in its original condition: sorting, cleanliness, orderliness, standardizing and retaining.

Step 3: Test the OEE Measure

Move three allows you to track OEE, either manually or using automatic tools for the target equipment (as long as it includes code tracking for unplanned stoppage time). Reference Accurate Plant’s article on OEE for information on how to measure OEE manually. OEE measurement on a daily basis gives you a data-driven assurance of what the TPM software succeeds and helps you to assess progress over time.

Stage 4: Major Losses should be Address/Reduce

It’s time to fix them until you have a data-driven snapshot of where the stop losses are. This move uses the previously mentioned cornerstone or kaizen of oriented enhancement. To do this, create a cross-functional team of managers, maintenance workers and supervisors who will use root cause analysis to dissect the OEE data and determine the key cause(s) of the losses.

Stage 5: Scheduled maintenance is implemented

Integration of constructive maintenance strategies into the software is the last step of the TPM deployment process. This includes working off the scheduled repair third pillar. By looking at three criteria, select which components should obtain constructive maintenance: wearing components, deteriorating components, and tension points. Using infrared thermography and vibration mapping, detecting tension points is also achieved.


By including both agencies and individuals within an organisation, TPM further expands the concepts of repair and preventative maintenance. With an organization-wide mentality focused on taking responsibility for the machinery and facilities, even with a small amount of personnel, increasing overall efficiency is feasible. Today, with market competition at an all-time peak, for some firms, TPM could be the only thing that stands between success and utter failure. It has been proven to be working software. It can be tailored to function not only in manufacturing plants, but also in manufacturing, repair of housing, transport, and in a number of other circumstances. Employees ought to be informed and persuaded that TPM is not yet another “program of the month” and that management is completely committed to the program and the lengthy-time period needed for complete adoption. If anyone participating with a TPM program does his or her part, an exceptionally high return rate can be expected relative to the resources spent.



Gulshan Thakur

lets we all get succeed, i am a student and part time blogger