How To Invest In Share Market A Beginner’s Complete Guide

Gulshan Thakur
12 min readFeb 3, 2021


An Outstanding Way To Build Capital Is To Invest In Stocks. For Long-Term Buyers, Particularly During Times Of Market Turmoil, Stocks Remain A Safe Investment. A Decline In The Stock Market Essentially Means That More Stocks Are On Sale. Focus On Full Article How To Invest In Share Market Then You Can Achieve Something

Contents Hide

1 In A Finacial Market, Different Types Of Intermediaries Are Involved Learn Share Market Basics

2 How To Invest In Share Market?

2.1 1. Requirements For Share Market Investment

2.2 2. Need Documentation

3 How Does One Invest Or Enter In The Capital Market?

3.1 Step 1 Identifying Your Investment Priorities

3.2 Step 2: Build A Strategy/Plan Learn What Is Share Market

3.3 Step 3: Read Some Books On Investments.

3.4 Step 4: Pick Your Broker For The Stock

3.5 Step 6 Pick A Forum For Your Tracking Of Stocks

3.6 Step 7: Have A Contingency For An Exit

4 What Are The Types Of Market In Which Beginners Can Invest?

4.1 1. Main Stocks Offering The Initial Sale Of Stocks (IPOs)

4.2 2. The Secondary Market

5 Extra Points To Take Care Of For Beginners

6 Conclusion

One Of The Easiest Ways To Start Investing In The Equity Market For Beginners Is To Position Money In An Online Brokerage Portfolio, Which Can Then Be Used To Purchase Stock Shares Or Stock Mutual Funds. With Several Investment Accounts, For The Price Of A Single Share, You Can Start Saving. Learn What Is Share Market

In A Finacial Market, Different Types Of Intermediaries Are Involved Learn Share Market Basics

Many Things Can Go Wrong When You Purchase A Share Of A Corporation From Another Shareholder. Therefore, Every Nation Has A Regulatory Body That Makes Sure That Stock Trades Are Seamless And Fraud-Free.

This Organization In India Is The Council Of Stocks And Exchanges Of India (SEBI). A Share Exchange Mechanism Has Been Established By This Body To Help Ensure Full Security For All Investors, Including The Following Intermediaries:

Stock Broker-SEBI Has Ruled That All Stock Market Trades Must Be Executed By A Stockbroker Registered With The Exchange.

Depositories- Although Shares Have Historically Been Allocated In The Form Of Physical Share Certificates, This Has Now Given Way To Electronic Or Dematerialized Shares. Depository And Depository Member You Need A Demat Account For Your Dematerialized Shares, Much As You Need A Bank Account To Keep A Record Of Your Dematerialized Assets. This Account Is Given By A Participant In A Depository.

Bank-In Order To Obtain Purchase Profits, You Need Funds To Purchase Shares And A Bank Account. Therefore, In Share Transactions, A Bank Is An Integral Intermediary.

Clearing Corporation-This Entity Assures That All Purchases Are Efficiently Cleared. Learn How To Invest In Share Market

How To Invest In Share Market?

Now That You Grasp The Notion Of A Capital Market And Bonds, We Come To The Next Crucial Question: How Do You Invest In Shares? Learn How To Invest In Share Market Part 1 First

1. Requirements For Share Market Investment

To Start Investing, Let’s First Look At What You Need.

PAN Card- To Trade In Stocks, It Is Mandatory To Have A PAN Card.

Demat Account-This Is The Account Under The Buyer’s Name That Will Carry The Shares. Any Depository Participant Will Open A Demat Account. The Demat Account Services Are Provided By Most Banks. In A Hassle-Free Way, New Age Investing Portals Also Deliver Demat Account Opening.

Trading Account- You Need A Trading Account With A Stockbroker To Begin Making A Stock Market Transaction. Bear In Mind, Stockbrokers, Sign Up For Stock Exchanges. While Both Primary Exchanges (BSE & NSE) List Most Good-Quality Stocks, Others Might Only Be Eligible On One Of The Two. Ensure That You Open A Trading Account With Both A BSE & NSE Licensed Broker.

Related Bank Account- You Can Buy And Sell Them Over Time As You Invest In Stocks. Therefore, To Ensure That Money Transfers In And Out Of Your Account Smoothly While You Deal, You Would Need A Bank Account That Is Connected To Your Trading Account. Learn Part1 How To Invest In Share Market

2. Need Documentation

PAN Card Card

Card Aadhaar

A Cancelled Cheque With Your Signature On It From Your Bank Account

Evidence Of Address (From The Bank/Depository Participant/List Broker’s Of Documents Accepted)

Income Statement


You Are Ready To Continue Your Stock Market Investing Journey With These Accounts In Place. Learn Part 1 How To Invest In Share Market

How Does One Invest Or Enter In The Capital Market?

Step 1 Identifying Your Investment Priorities

Starting With The Concept Of Your Investment Objectives Is Essential. Start With The Final Objectives In Mind.

To Beat Inflation And Get Higher Returns, Do You Want To Raise Your Saved Money (Capital Appreciation)? Will You Want To Create A Passive Income Through Dividends From Your Investments? Are You Saving For A Particular Purpose? Or Do You Really Want To Have Fun And Build Money In The Market?

If You Really Want To Enjoy Yourself And Want To Learn, That’s All Right. But Can You Make Sure You Don’t Over-Invest Or Get Too Drawn To The Market? Moreover, Most Individuals Out The Same Way And Later Establish Their Priorities. Learn Part1 How To Invest In Share Market

Anyway, Once You Are Saving On A Goal-Based Basis, Note That There Will Be A Different Period For Different Investment Targets. Your Aim Could Be To Purchase A New Home, A New Car, Finance Your College Education, Marriage With Children, Retirement, Etc. However, If You Spend In Your Retirement, As Relative To How You Are Invested In Buying Your First Home, You Have A Longer Period.

You, Will, Determine How Much You Like And For How Long You Have To Stay Invested Because You Know Your Priorities.

Step 2: Build A Strategy/Plan Learn What Is Share Market

You Need To Describe Your Tactics Now That You Know Your Priorities. If You Want To Invest In The Lump Sum (A Big Amount At A Time) Or The SIP (Systemic Investment Plan) Strategy, You Will Need To Find Out. Analyze How Much You Intend To Spend Annually If You Are Planning Small Seasonal Contributions.

In Our Culture, There’s A Widespread Belief That You Need Huge Savings To Get Started. Think, Around One Lakh Or Higher. That’s Not Real, Though. First, As A Thumb Rule, Create An Emergency Fund, And Then Start Allocating A Set Sum To Save And Spend 10–20 Per Cent Of Your Monthly Salary. To Pay Your Bill, You Will Use The Remaining Portion Of Your Earnings

Step 3: Read Some Books On Investments.

There Is A Range Of Great Books On Stock Market Investments That You Can Read And Catch Up On The Basics. 7 Best Value Investment Books That You Can Not Afford To Skip. Such Excellent Books That I’m Going To Recommend That Beginners Can Read Are: Download Free Books Here

Benjamin Graham’s The Intelligent Investor

Peter Lynch’s One Up On Wall Street

Philip Fisher’s Common Stocks And Uncommon Profits

Mohnish Pabrai’s The Dhandho Investor

The Little Book By Joel Greenblatt That Beats The Market

Besides, To Establish Strong Stock Market Fundamentals, There Are A Few More Books That You Can Read. The List Of Ten Must-Read Books For Indian Stock Can Be Found In

The Phase Of Investment. Learn How To Invest In Share Market

There Are Two Sectors, Main And Secondary, That You May Understand, As Explained Above. In All These Sectors, We Will Look At The Acquisition Process.

Step 4: Pick Your Broker For The Stock

One Of The Largest Moves You Need To Take Is To Settle On An Online Broker. In India, Two Types Of Stockbrokers Exist:

Brokers Full-Service

Brokers With Discounts

Brokers Full-Service (Traditional Brokers)

They Are Conventional Brokers That Provide Stocks, Services, And Currencies With An Exchange, Analysis, And Advisory Facilities. For Any Deal Their Clients Conduct, These Brokers Owe Fees. They Also Promote Forex, Mutual Funds, IPOs, FDs, Shares, And Insurance Investing. Learn Part1 How To Invest In Share Market

ICICIDirect, Kotak Security, HDFC Sec, Sharekhan, Motilal Oswal, Etc, Are A Few Examples Of Full-Time Brokers.

Discount Brokers — (Budget Brokers)

Discount Brokers Only Provide Their Buyers With A Trading Facility. They Do Not Give Advice And Are Only Ideal For Consumers Of The ‘Do-It-Yourself’ Type. They Deliver Low Brokerage, High Speed, And Good Stock, Commodity, And Currency Derivative Trading Platform.

Step 5: Start Investigating And Buying In Common Stocks.

Start Taking Care Of The Industries Around You. If You Like Any Company’s Products Or Services, Search Deeper And Find Out More About Its Parent Company, Such As Whether Or Not It Is Listed On The Stock Exchange, What The Actual Share Price Is, Etc. Learn Part1 How To Invest In Share Market

There Is A Business Behind Everybody With Any Of The Goods Or Services That You Use In Daily Life, Including Soap, Perfume, Cigarettes, Bank, Gas Station, SIM Card Or Even Your Inner Wears. Start Researching Them.

For Starters, If You Have Been Using HDFC Debit/Credit Cards For A Long Time And Are Pleased With The Experience, Then Investigate HDFC Bank Further. THE Information Is Publicly Available On All The Listed Firms In India. A Quick ‘Google Search’ For ‘HDFC Share Price’ Will Send You A Lot Of Valuable Pieces Of Data.

Step 6 Pick A Forum For Your Tracking Of Stocks

To Track Your Stocks, You Can Easily Use An Excel Or Google Spreadsheet. Create A Three-Table Spreadsheet That Contains Information About Your Stock’s Movement

Step 7: Have A Contingency For An Exit

Getting An Escape Strategy Is Always Good. There Are Two Directions For Stock To Leave. Either By Benefit Booking Or Through Cutting A Loss. Let’s Have All These Situations Discussed. Anytime You Need To Sell A Decent Stock In Your Portfolio, There Are Only Four Scenarios:

When You Need Money Terribly

When The Fundamentals Of Stocks Have Changed

When You See A Better Option For Investing And

If Your Savings Targets Have Been Completed.

If Your Investment Targets Are Fulfilled, Then You Will Happily Exit The Stocks. Or, At The Very Least, Book A Part Of Your Equity Portfolio’s Gains And Transfer It To Other Safer Investing Opportunities. In The Other Hand, If The Stock Has Sunk Below The Level Of Risk Appetite, Then Abandon The Stock Again. In Brief, Before Joining, Please Know The Escape Choices. Learn Part1 How To Invest In Share Market

What Are The Types Of Market In Which Beginners Can Invest?

1. Main Stocks Offering The Initial Sale Of Stocks (IPOs)

To Invest In The Main Company Is To Invest In An IPO. To Keep The Allocated Shares, You Will Require A De-Mat Account And A Trading Account To Apply Online. Via Your Bank Account, You Can Also Apply. It Is Now Important To Note That The Number Of Shares Allocated To You Will Depend On The Reaction Of The Market To The IPO. Once All IPO Applications Are Received By The Firm, It Allocates Shares Based On Share Demand And Availability.

Via A Method Called ASBA, You Can Conveniently Apply For An IPO Through Your Net Banking Account (Application Supported By Blocked Amount). In This Process, Instead Of Being Submitted To The Firm, If You Have Applied For Shares Worth Rs.1 Lakh In An IPO, The Balance Is Blocked In Your Banking Account. The Actual Sum Is Debited And The Remainder Is Issued After The Shares Are Allotted. For All IPO Programs, It Is Compulsory To Obey This Protocol. When The Shares Are Allotted, They Are Listed Within A Week On A Stock Exchange And You Will Begin Trading Them. Learn Part1 How To Invest In Share Market

2. The Secondary Market

This Is Where There’s All The Action. When We Tell The Stock Exchange, The Secondary Market Is Basically What We Are Referring To. That Is The Location Where Stocks Are Bought And Exchanged By Buyers And Traders. You Would Require A Brokerage Account, A Demat Account And A Related Banking Account To Trade In The Secondary Sector. If You Think About How To Invest Online In The Share Market, Then The Answer Is Easy:

Open A Demat And A Related Banking Account Trading Account

Sign In To The Account For Trading

Choose The Share You Would Like To Purchase Or Sell

Until Selling, Ensure That You Have Funds In Your Deposit To Buy And Share In Your Demat Account.

Determine The Price You Want To Buy/Sell At The

Wait For The Corresponding Seller/Buyer

Transferring Shares/Money And Acquiring Money/Shares Complete The Exchange

The Mechanism Is Plain. Becoming A Good Investor, Though, Is Hard Work. Let’s Look At Certain Principles You Need To Learn And Tips You Should Use To Invest In Secondary Market Investments. Learn Part1 How To Invest In Share Market

Extra Points To Take Care Of For Beginners

1. Start Small… Start Small In The Beginning, Do Not Place All Your Cash On The Market. Start Tiny And Test What You’ve Been Learning. Even With A Total Of Rs 500 Or 1000, You Can Launch. For Beginners, Learning Is More Important Than Winning It. Once You Have More Confidence And Expertise, You Can Invest In A Significant Sum. 2. Diversification Of Your Portfolio It’s Also Critical That Your Portfolio Is Diversified. Don’t Spend Anything In Just One Stock. Buy Stocks Of Diverse Sectors From Enterprises. Two Stocks Of Apollo Tyres And JK Tyres In Your Portfolio, For Instance, Would Not Be Considered A Diversified Portfolio. However, While The Firms Are Separate, All Firms Belong To The Same Sector. In The Tyre Market, If There Is A Recession/Crisis, Then The Whole Portfolio Could Be In RED. Anything Like Apollo Tyres And Hindustan Unilever Stock In Your Portfolio Can Be A Diversified Portfolio. Apollo Tyres Is From The Tire Field Here, And Hindustan Unilever Is From The FMCG Industry. In This Portfolio, All Securities Come From Distinct Sectors And Are Hence Diversified. Learn Part1 How To Invest In Share Market3. Invest In Companies Of Blue-Chip (For Beginners) Blue Chips Are The Stocks Of Such Reputed Firms Who Have Been Financially Stable On The Market For A Very Long Time And Have A Clear Track Record Of Steady Growth And Returns Over The Last Few Years. For Instance, HDFC Banks (Leader In The Banking Industry), Larsen And Turbo (Leader In The Building Industry), TCS (Leader In The Tech Industry), Etc. Reliance Industries, Sun Pharma, State Bank Of India, Etc, Are A Few Other Examples Of Blue-Chip Stocks. Such Firms Have Predictable Returns Which Are Much Less Unpredictable. That’s Why, Relative To Other Firms, Blue-Chip Stocks Are Deemed Safe To Invest In. For Newcomers, It Is Best To Start Investing In Blue-Chip Stocks. You, Will, Begin Investing In Mid-Cap And Small-Cap Firms As You Develop Expertise And Experience. 4. Never Invest In ‘FREE’ Advice/Tips This Is The Main Reason That Individuals In The Stock Market Risk Money. They Do Not Perform Adequate Stock Analysis And Blindly Follow The Tips And Recommendations Of Their Friends/Colleague. The Stock Market Is Volatile And Every Second Its Stock Price And Conditions Change. Maybe The Stock Was Purchased By Your Buddy When It Was Underpriced, But Now It’s Selling At A Higher Price Point. Your Buddy May Have A Better Escape Plan From Yours, Maybe. There Are A Variety Of Variables Involved Here, Which Can Contribute To The Loss Of Your Capital. Don’t Believe In Tips Or Advice And Do Your Research. 5 Understanding Your Profile For Investors Every Investor Is Distinctive. Therefore, Depending On Your Investor Profile, You Must Ensure That You Invest. Three Important Variables Will Help Define Your Profile: Financial Priorities-Define Financial Objectives. What Are You Attempting To Accomplish? Corpus For Retirement? Funding Your Tour Of The World? Having A Marriage Planned? What About Purchasing A House? Such Targets Will Allow You To Clarify How And In Which Stocks To Invest. Risk Tolerance-How Much Gastrointestinal Risk Can You Take? If You Invest In A Strong Business-Like Tata’s Portfolio, Then The Prince Won’t Go Up Or Down Much. Relatively Stable, It Would Be. In The Other Hand, If You Invest In A Small Enterprise That Looks Good, Then A Small Victory Will Raise The Stock Price And A Collapse Will Result In Disappointment. Without Panicking And Making Bad Choices, You Need To Decide How Much Uncertainty You Can Afford. Investment Horizon: Equity Transactions Aim To Deliver Decent Returns Over A 7–10 Year Term (Long-Term). Determine The Time During Which You Want To Remain Invested In A Given Stock, Depending On Your Financial Objectives. Learn Part1 How To Invest In Share Market


This Article Will He; P The Beginner To Collect All The Required Information Before Stepping Into The Financial Markets And Also It Will Aide The Investor To Choose The Best Investment Ideas If He Or She Will Follow The Given Strategies And Functionalities Of Market. This Is One Of The Best Ways To Build Capital, But Some Patience, Determination, And A Proactive Strategy Are Needed. Learn Part1 How To Invest In Share Market



Gulshan Thakur

lets we all get succeed, i am a student and part time blogger